Image copyright AFP, kazuo Ishiguro - his books at a glance.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee does not release names of gift set tea bags those it considers for the prize, but said 215 individuals and 103 organisations had been nominated.
The teams involved in the discovery quickly emerged as favourites for Tuesday's prize.
A revolution in astrophysics, triggered when super-dense black holes merge, the waves were detected using laser beams at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (ligo).
Activists from the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ican) wear maks of US President Donald Trump and North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un at a demonstration Credit: britta pedersen/DPA.